In the 1985 General Assembly Session, the United Nations (UN) established every first Monday of October as World Habitat Day. World Habitat Day which is commemorated on October 1, 2018 raises the theme "Municipal Solid Waste Management", which is the management of Urban Waste.
To enliven the theme of World Habitat Day In 2018, the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing initiated the Clean Indonesia Movement in an effort to answer the challenges and issues of solid waste in Indonesia.
The Clean Indonesia Movement is a clean-up activity carried out every day from September 28, 2018 to October 3, 2018. This activity has been successfully held in 34 provinces throughout Indonesia.
The Clean Indonesia Movement is carried out in 165 points consisting of various areas, including land (roads, markets, terminals, offices, settlements, schools, public facilities, social facilities, places of worship), beaches, seas, rivers and banks. From the collected data, the implementation locations that were most used as action points by the participants were on the road with a percentage of 22.4%, while the settlement became the second largest location with 19.4%. The river and its banks are not much compared to the settlement, which is 17%. As for other public facilities such as schools, markets, terminals, offices, beaches, places of worship and social facilities the percentage is not too significant. In its implementation, this activity involves various components from civil society Ministries / Central Institutions, Provincial Governments, Local Governments, TNI / POLRI, Private Sector, and NGOs. This shows that in order to have a large impact on the surrounding environment, cooperation from various parties is needed according to their respective roles.
Of the total activities of the "Clean Indonesia Movement" in 34 provinces, the total amount of waste collected was 63,022.64 kg with a percentage of plastic waste 24.4%, which was 15,405.46 kg, recyclable 35%, 22,085.93 kg and non-recyclable 40.5%, 25,531.24 kg. From the results of garbage collection in the Clean Action shows that the non-recyclable waste has the largest percentage.
From the reporting data, the duration of the activity every day becomes data collected to find out the effective time needed to carry out clean-up activities. Based on the data, the average duration of the "Clean Indonesia Movement" is 2.7 hours / point. This time includes the collection of participants and the distribution of clean action points, then documenting pre-activities, disaggregating garbage collection, weighing garbage and post-activity documentation. This point can also be input into the implementation of further clean action activities.
In addition to aiming to commemorate World Habitat Day 2018, this "Simultaneous Clean Action in Indonesia" is expected to be a momentum to increase public awareness in maintaining cleanliness in their respective environments.