General Directorate of Human Settlements, Ministry of Public Works and Housing held the Round Table Discussion on the theme "Business and Policy Round Table for Implementation of Resilient Cities". This event was held in cooperation between Alumnus of Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) 1977. It was held on Thursday, 9 March 2017 at the Pendopo Hall, Ministry of Public Works and Housing.

This event brought the policy makers in the government sector which was of executives and experts in the field of urban planners from Indonesia and Australia. The purpose of this meeting was to share experiences (sharing) on how to develop and make the cities in Indonesia and Australia to be resilient.

To start the discussion, the first the event was opened by Ir. Edward Abdurrahman, M.Sc., as the Steering Committee. Followed by speech from Prof. DR. Ir. Anita Firmanti, MT., as the General Secreatry of the Ministry of Public Works and Housing who was represented Minister of Public Works and Housing, DR. Ir. Mochamad Basoeki Hadimoeljono, M. Sc.

In her speech, Anita Firmanti, said that currently Ministry of Public Works and Housing, through Directorate of Human Settlements, has become actively involved in efforts to made sustainable urban development through several programs. One of that was to develop of thematic city which concern in economic, social, and cultural aspect.

"Now we are building cities that are responsive to their environment with the approach that involve participation of community groups. It starts from the planning, implementation, operations, until the maintenance phase. On average, more than 1,000 locations per year. Up to 2019, we will build drinking water facilities in rural areas, waste water treatment and communal garbage, and arrangement of slums area ", she said.

Anita Firmanti said that the most important in urban infrastructure development is noticed facilities for support healthy life for all people. "Building infrastructure is not only related to easy access, but also should looks about health aspects. What we are planning is a concept which created the people can live with healthy life. One of strategy is able to realize how the infrastructure for flood prevention in urban areas", she said.

Greetings from Australian delegation represented by Senator the Hon Fiona Nash as Minister for Regional Development and Minister for Local Government and Territories of Australia. Fiona Nash said that an integrated urban development is expected to realize the improvement of access to urban services viable and sustainable for all people. Australia and Indonesia have the same commitment about concept of urban development.

"Thank you for this meeting, and the cooperation that we have built together between two countries. Australia and Indonesia have a consistent commitment in building the infrastructure together in form of direct investment and mentoring by experts between two countries", she concluded.

The delegation of Senator Fiona Nash who participated as delegates from Australia are from Australian Embassy, urban planning expert, academia, and researchers from several universities in Australia, as well as some architects and urban planning expert consultants.

Realizing Resilient and Sustainable Cities  

In the second stage, Round Table Discussion held further discussions were represented by delegates from Indonesia and Australia. This forum aims to discussing and sharing their experiences of urban and rural development between two countries.

Delegation of Indonesia represented by Ir. Triharyo Indrawan Soesilo, M.ChE., IPM. as representative of Committee for Acceleration of Priority Infrastructure Delivery, Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs; Ir. Rido Matari Ichwan, MCP. as Head of Development Infrastructure Agency, Ministry of Public Works and Housing; and Ir. Rina Agustin Indriani, MURP. as Secretary of the General Directorate of Human Settlements, Ministry of Public Works and Housing.

Triharyo Indrawan Susilo said that the main issues of infrastructure development in Indonesia is implementation. Often the planning of development or infrastructure projects stopped because there was a "bottleneck" between the policy decision (groundbreaking) with implementation.

"In 10 years (2005-2015), Indonesia was only able to realize the target of infrastructure development on average only 3 percent. The Biggest problem that we have is the bottleneck that occurs between political decisions (public policy) with its implementation ", he said.

President Joko Widodo wants implementation issues can be resolved quickly. Therefore, Committee for Acceleration of Priority Infrastructure Delivery was formed to realize that plan. Reforms are needed to accelerate the infrastructure acceleration program priorities. According Triharyo, the solution is focus on the priorities that will be built.

"The reforms from President Joko Widodo to accelerate infrastructure projects carried out in three sides. They are financial reform, institutional reform, and regulatory reform. In addition, the government has also made the list of infrastructure priorities, so that we can focus in development. Now, just in 1 year after the reform we are able to complete 187 infrastructure projects in progress", he said.

In the same forum, Rido Ichwan Matari explained the concept of cross area development which is earmarked by Development Infrastructure Agency, Ministry of Public Works and Housing. According to him, Ministry of Public Works and Housing is currently implementing the New Urban Agenda (NUA), which is the mandate of the Declaration of Quito 2016. The issue that is being raised is about how to realize the vision of "Sustainable Cities".

"We're realizing the NUA from Quito Declaration for implementation in the form of urban public policy in Indonesia towards urban inclusive, secure, resilient, and sustainable. In addition, there will be new cities that will grow in all regions of Indonesia. This is in line with the concept of Nawacita which was launched by President Joko Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kalla. We will build from the periphery ", he concluded.

The third speaker was Rina Agustin Indriani, that discussed about facilities and infrastructure to support water supply and waste water treatment in Indonesia. According to her, Ministry of Public Works and Housing committed to support and supervise the project of water supply and waste water management. In reality, the cooperation and participation of the private sector and civil society for optimalization is one of the best way.

"Development of infrastructure to support water supply and waste water treatment, as well as the structuring of urban slums area are several important points to be mandated by the Declaration of Quito for sustainable cities. Now, how we can afford realize it with active participation from private sectors and civil society "she said.

Minisrty of Public Works and Housing, through General Directorate of Human Settlements has currently able to provide infrastructure for water supply and waste water treatment to support urban and environmental friendly. On average, 300-400 scattered locations in Indonesia per year.

"Now we are making inroads active participation of various parties. How to fund development water supply and waste water treatment project can be funded from outside from state budget ", she said.