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Project Background

Project facilities Medan and Yogyakarta are not only provincial capital cities but also the commercial and economic centers of their respective provinces. The rapidly increasing urban population of these cities has led to many sanitation problems, including: disregard for, and lack of enforcement of, sanitation regulations, lack of community awareness about sanitation, incomplete sewerage systems, inadequate revenue from the service to cover operating costs and lack of budget for maintaining the systems, poor coordination between operators and Local Governments, and, lack of cooperation and overlapping responsibilities between regional institutions responsible for developing the wastewater systems.

Kota Medan, the capital of North Sumatra, covers 26,510 ha and has an estimated population of 2.1 million. Existing sanitation facilities in Medan comprise: (i) a sewerage system with 12,150 connections which flows to IPAL Pulo Brayan Bengkel (treatment works), the whole system being managed by PDAM Tirtanadi; (ii) on-site systems (septic tanks) which are used by the majority of the population; (iii) a small number of communal septic tanks built outside the area covered by the sewerage system. House connections to the sewerage system are the responsibility of Dinas Permukiman Kota Medan.

Yogyakarta, the capital of DI Yogyakarta, covers 3,250 ha and has an estimated population of 523,000. However, the project includes the administrative areas of Kota Yogyakarta, Kabupaten Sleman and Kabupaten Bantul, an agglomeration known as KARTAMANTUL, with a total population of about 2.4 million. Existing sanitation facilities in DI Yogyakarta comprise: (i) a sewerage system, managed by Dinas Pekerjaan Umum, with 10,100 connections flowing to IPAL Sewon Bantul, a treatment works managed by Dinas Kimpraswil Propinsi; (ii) on-site systems (septic tanks); (iii) communal wastewater treatment units for settlements along rivers and in flood areas outside the area covered by the sewerage system. There are 43 communal treatment units, of which 36 are still operating, built to serve 2,129 houses.

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